Year 4 Geography

National Curriculum Expectations for the end of Key Stage 2:

Children should be able to:

Locational knowledge

  • locate the world’s countries, using maps to focus on Europe (including the location of Russia) and North and South America, concentrating on their environmental regions, key physical and human characteristics, countries, and major cities
  • name and locate counties and cities of the United Kingdom, geographical regions and their identifying human and physical characteristics, key topographical features (including hills, mountains, coasts and rivers), and land-use patterns; and understand how some of these aspects have changed over time
  • identify the position and significance of latitude, longitude, Equator, Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, Arctic and Antarctic Circle, the Prime/Greenwich Meridian and time zones (including day and night)

Place knowledge

  • understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region of the United Kingdom, a region in a European country, and a region within North or South America

Human and physical geography

describe and understand key aspects of:

  • physical geography, including: climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts, rivers, mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes, and the water cycle
  • human geography, including: types of settlement and land use, economic activity including trade links, and the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals and water

Geographical skills and fieldwork

  • use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate countries and describe features studied
  • use the eight points of a compass, four and six-figure grid references, symbols and key (including the use of Ordnance Survey maps) to build their knowledge of the United Kingdom and the wider world
  • use fieldwork to observe, measure, record and present the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs, and digital technologies.

At Gayton, by the end of Year 4, the expectation is that children will be able to:

  • locate countries and continents in an atlas
  • identify location of major UK cities, using Google Earth to explain positioning
  • compare location of different places using four or six points of the compass
  • compare and contrast different places using appropriate geographical language
  • record and order key statistics such as population, longest river, mountain ranges, key areas of high population, weather etc. then compare findings
  • compare and contrast differeIdentify features of a settlement, ranking (and justifying) in importance
  • identify the causes and effects of natural disasters on physical and human geography
  • compare and contrast physical features of different locations, forming conclusions on impact of these differences
  • use Google Earth and Digimap to compare and contrast Derby with other urban locations in the UK